Lighthouse Architectural Styles: Cape Cod Integral

Probably the first standardized lighthouse design after Winslow Lewis' simple conical brick towers. The design is usually credited with being first used at East Point on the eastern shore of Delaware Bay. East Point was likely inspired by several lighthouses and keeper dwellings at Cheseapeake Bay light stations. However, it is best known for its use on the Pacific Coast where most of the early lighthouses built there, including 6 of the first 8, used some variantion of this design. This style was originally popularized by residences on Cape Cod, Massachusetts - hence the name ("integral" refers to the tower being part of the dwelling, rather than a seperate structure).

Per Wayne Wheeler of the US Lightouse Society, the standardized design may have been created by Maj. John G. Totten, Chief Engineer of the US Army. Totten designed the stone lighthouse at Minot's Ledge and the Totten Beacon, a type of iron daybeacon used in the Florida Keys.

These lighthouses are rectangular, 1.5 or 2.5 stories tall, and made of brick or stone. The lantern is atop a very short tower located in the center of the structure, just above the gable roof. A few later variants used a wooden building elevated on screwpiles, but otherwise resembled the earlier lighthouses of this style.

The list is sorted by date the lighthouse was first lighted.

First Lighted
Fog Point MD John Donahoo brick circular   1827 1875 not extant replaced by Solomons Lump Lighthouse
Clay Island MD   brick     1832 1892 collapsed (1894) replaced by Sharkfin Shoal Lighthouse
Greenbury Point
(Severn River)
MD     octagonal 1847 1848? Nov 15, 1891 not extant replaced by Greenbury Point Shoal Lighthouse, but initially left as a daymark
East Point
(Maurice River)
NJ   brick octagonal   1849 1942? extant - museum  
Blakistone Island MD John Donahoo brick circular   1851 1956 gutted by a fire (1956) replica built 2008
Fishing Battery MD         1853 1921 extant replaced by skeletal beacon light (1921)
Fort Point I CA       1852-1853 n/a n/a demolished (1853) never lighted
demolished a few months after completion because the Army wanted the site for a fort
Old Point Loma CA   stone circular   1854 1891 extant - museum replaced by New Point Loma
Alcatraz Island I CA       1852-1853 1854 1909 demolished replaced by new lighthouse
Point Pinos
(Pacific Grove)
CA   stone circular 1854-1855 Feb 1, 1855 active extant porch now enclosed
Point Conception I CA       1853-1856 Feb 1, 1856 1882 demolished (1882) replaced by new lighthouse
Battery Point
(Crescent City)
CA   granite (house)
brick (tower)
circular   1856 1965-1982 active expanded from original construction
Santa Barbara CA     circular 1856 Dec 19, 1856 June 29, 1925 destroyed by earthquake replaced by beacon light
Humboldt Harbor CA     circular   Dec 20, 1856 1892 demolished (1930s)  
Holmes Hole MA       1855 1857 1860   Tower and lantern added after construction, replacing nearby beacon lights.
Smith Island
(Blunt's Island
WA         1857 1960 destroyed by erosion (1989) replaced by skeletal beacon light
New Dungeness WA Ammi B. Young sandstone (house)
brick (tower)
    Dec 14, 1857 n/a? active? dwelling expanded 1906
Cape Flattery WA Ammi B. Young stone (house)
brick (tower)
circular   Dec 28, 1857 2008? inactive replaced by skeletal beacon light
Willapa Bay WA       1857-1858 1858 1939 destroyed by erosion (1940) bluff the lighthouse was on slowly collapsed
Federal Point NC   wood hexagonal   1866 Dec 31, 1879 destroyed by fire (1881) elevated
Egg Island NJ   wood octagonal   July 24, 1868 1930s destroyed by fire (1950) elevated
moved 1878